First Aid for Accidents and Injuries In Houston
Part 4- How to Treat an Allergic Reaction and Minor Lacerations
Allergic reactions are unpredictable as there are so many things to be allergic to and some victims are unaware they were allergic to the cause of their distress. These can be deadly situations if not handled quickly. We’ll outline ways to identify such a reaction in this article and best ways to handle first aid.
It happens sometimes that sharp implements or materials will meet our skin and cause a laceration or cut. Most of the time they are small. Paper cuts, pinpricks, or picking up broken shards of glass. Yet again there are a plethora of ways to receive more urgent injuries. In the second half of this article we’ll cover how to treat such lacerations.
Seek emergency care if the person has these symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing or wheezing
- Tightness in the throat or a feeling that the airways are closing
- Hoarseness or trouble speaking
- Swollen lips, tongue, or throat
- Nausea, abdominal pain, or vomiting
- Fast heartbeat or pulse
- Skin that itches, tingles, swells, or develops raised red areas (hives)
- Anxiety or dizziness
- Loss of consciousness
Inject Epinephrine Immediately. (an Epi-Pen) The injection cannot harm them if it is a false alarm, but could save their life. Inject epinephrine if the person is unable to respond.
What are Lacerations?
If you or the victim are:
- Bleeding severely
- Spurting out blood
- Or the bleeding can’t be stopped after 10 minutes of a firm and steady pressure…
Call 911 immediately. Put a sterile bandage and apply direct pressure on the wound.
If the wound doesn’t look to need emergency care make sure to
- Clean the area with warm water and gentle soap.
- Apply an antibiotic ointment to reduce the chance of infection. Stop using if there is an allergic reaction.
- Put a sterile bandage on the area
- Monitor and if the bleeding hasn’t stopped or pain is getting worse, go to the doctor or the emergency room.
As always, this article is meant to be informative and is not a guide to provide solutions so you can avoid the hospital or doctor’s office. First Aid is temporary and should be professionally treated without delay. If you or your loved ones suffer any of these accidents or injuries and is not in a state of emergency, come down to Clinica Del Sol where we can treat you right away and make sure you get the care you need at prices you can afford.
If you haven’t read our series on first aid for injuries and accidents, check out our first installation: First Aid for Accidents and Injuries In Houston Part 1- How to Treat Burns